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La parure en callaïs (variscite et turquoise) au Néolithique, dans la moitié nord de la France. Corpus et contextes

Abstract : In the northern area of France, beads and pendants made from variscite or turquoise are found only within funeral grounds. They are not part of buried or underwater deposits, as happens with jade axe blades. These monumental contexts date from the fifth and the fourth millennium B.C., and are divided between individual graves under mounds and passage tombs under stone cairns, containing the remains of multiple buried individuals –as suggested by those monuments where the soil acidity allowed archaeological observations. Some gallery graves and hypogea, and also the Bell Beaker reuse of monumental tombs, suggest and renewed interest for this mineral between the end of the fourth and the middle of the third millennium. The dispersion of these objects within the largest Carnacean tombs, or in the periphery of the funerary space, does not categorically confirm if they were worn by the corpses. We will rather discuss the deposition practices and the ostentatious mise-en-scène. There has not been, as yet, any serious technical analysis of these artefacts (carving, piercing and polishing), and this synthesis will remain a simple description of their morphology, with particular attention to the wear and aging of an artefact or the repeating of an older artefact. Finally, attention must be given to pendants, sometimes imitating the shape of the canine tooth of a deer. These artefacts are well known in the northern region of Spain, from the Cardial and Epicardial.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02351759, version 1

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Serge Cassen, Christine Boujot, Audrey Charvet, Valentin Grimaud, Nicolas Le maux, et al.. La parure en callaïs (variscite et turquoise) au Néolithique, dans la moitié nord de la France. Corpus et contextes. La parure en callaïs du Néolithique européen, Guirec Querré; Serge Cassen; Emmanuelle Vigier, Apr 2015, Carnac, France. pp.255-331. ⟨hal-02351759⟩

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