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Increase value and reduce waste in research on psychological therapies

Abstract : A seminal Lancet series focused on increasing value and reducing waste in biomedical research, providing a transferrable template to diagnose problems in research. Our goal was to document how some of these sources of waste apply to mental health and particularly psychological treatments research. We synthesize and critically evaluate empirical findings in relation to four major sources: i) defining research priorities; ii) research design, methods and analysis; iii) accessibility of research information; iv) accuracy and usability of research reports. We demonstrate that each source of waste considered is well-represented and amply documented within this field. We describe hype and insufficient consideration of what is known in defining research priorities, persistent risk of bias, particularly due to selective outcome reporting, for psychotherapy trials across mental disorders, intellectual and financial biases, direct and indirect evidence of publication bias, largely inexistent adoption of data sharing, issues of multiplicity and fragmentation of data and findings, and insufficient adoption of reporting guidelines. We expand on a few general solutions, including supporting meta-research, properly testing interventions to increase research quality, placing open science at the center of psychological treatment research and remaining vigilant particularly regarding the strains of research currently prioritized, such as experimental psychopathology.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 28, 2019 - 12:37:32 PM
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Cristea et al-2019-Increase va...
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Ioana A Cristea, Florian Naudet. Increase value and reduce waste in research on psychological therapies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, Elsevier, 2019, 123, pp.103479. ⟨10.1016/j.brat.2019.103479⟩. ⟨hal-02363650⟩



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