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How ultrasonography can contribute to diagnosis of craniosynostosis

Abstract : Introduction - The aim of this article was to provide an overview of ultrasound (US) techniques for the investigation of cranial sutures in infants. Material and methods - We first describe a high-resolution sonography technique and its limitations. We then analyze the reliability, effectiveness and role of ultrasonography in routine practice using a PubMed literature review. Results - Ten studies reported excellent correlations between ultrasonography and 3D-CT. Cranial US for the diagnosis of a closed suture had 100% sensitivity in 8 studies and 86-100% specificity before the age of 12 months. Negative findings mean imaging investigation can be stopped. If ultrasonography confirms diagnosis, neurosurgical consultation is required. Thus, 3D-CT can be postponed until appropriate before surgery. Conclusion - Cranial suture ultrasound is an effective and reliable technique for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis. It has many advantages: it is fast and non-irradiating, and no sedation is required. It should be used as first-line imaging in infants below the age of 8-12 months when craniosynostosis is clinically suspected.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 2:06:05 PM
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Proisy et al-2019-How ultrason...
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M Proisy, B Bruneau, L Riffaud. How ultrasonography can contribute to diagnosis of craniosynostosis. Neurochirurgie, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 65 (5), pp.228-231. ⟨10.1016/j.neuchi.2019.09.019⟩. ⟨hal-02364100⟩