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P11.61 Development of a novel preclinical GBM model and therapeutic impact of IRE1 inhibition

Abstract : Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most severe primary brain tumor and represents more than 15% of all brain tumors. Despite an aggressive treatment comprising surgical resection and radio/chemotherapy, patient’s survival post diagnosis remains short with a median overall survival of 15 months. The lack of efficacy of the current treatments is mostly due to the tumor heterogeneity with different tumor cell types that exhibit various sensitivity to anti-cancer agents and to the diffuse feature of GBM that complicates the efficacy of complete resection. Another limitation for finding new valuable therapy approaches is the lack of relevant animal models that extensively recapitulate the current GBM patients’ standard of care. In the past couple of years, it has been demonstrated that the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) plays an instrumental role in GBM development. It has been shown that IRE1, the most conserved UPR sensor, signals in tumor cells to reshape the tumor microenvironment to favor tumor growth and most likely to alter the response to treatment. The IRE1/XBP1s signaling axis exhibits pro-oncogenic properties and has a direct impact on patients’ survival. These observations point toward the IRE1/XBP1s axis as a potentially relevant therapeutic target. To further test the potential impact of the pharmacological targeting IRE1/XBP1 signaling, we proposed to use MKC8866, an inhibitors of IRE1, in preclinical models of GBM. As such we developed a novel GBM animal model that recapitulates the different steps engaged in GBM patient clinical handling (including surgical resection, irradiation and chemotherapy), and use this to demonstrate the relevance of IRE1 inhibition in GBM. Considering that IRE1 inhibitors do not cross the blood-brain barrier, we proposed an intraoperative delivery of the drugs though fibrin glue plugs applicated within the resection cavity, and then studied the impact on survival and tumor microenvironment. We showed that local delivery of IRE1 inhibitors combined with radio/chemotherapy had a positive effect on survival and induced tumoral and microenvironment remodeling, pointing at its high therapeutic potential and the need for an early clinical trial.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02393667
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 4, 2019 - 2:41:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 6, 2019 - 1:22:36 AM

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P Le Reste, R Pineau, F Jouan, J Samal, G. Jegou, et al.. P11.61 Development of a novel preclinical GBM model and therapeutic impact of IRE1 inhibition. Neuro-Oncology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019, 21 (Supplement_3), pp.iii57-iii58. ⟨10.1093/neuonc/noz126.207⟩. ⟨hal-02393667⟩

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