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Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule regulates B lymphocyte migration across central nervous system barriers

Abstract : The presence of B lymphocyte-associated oligoclonal immunoglobulins in the cerebrospinal fluid is a classic hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS). The clinical efficacy of anti-CD20 therapies supports a major role for B lymphocytes in MS development. Although activated oligoclonal populations of pathogenic B lymphocytes are able to traffic between the peripheral circulation and the central nervous system (CNS) in patients with MS, molecular players involved in this migration have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM/CD166) identifies subsets of proinflammatory B lymphocytes and drives their transmigration across different CNS barriers in mouse and human. We also showcased that blocking ALCAM alleviated disease severity in animals affected by a B cell-dependent form of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Last, we determined that the proportion of ALCAM+ B lymphocytes was increased in the peripheral blood and within brain lesions of patients with MS. Our findings indicate that restricting access to the CNS by targeting ALCAM on pathogenic B lymphocytes might represent a promising strategy for the development of next-generation B lymphocyte-targeting therapies for the treatment of MS. © 2019 The Authors.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02397748
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 6, 2019 - 4:31:49 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 12:34:52 PM

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L. Michel, C. Grasmuck, M. Charabati, M.-A. Lécuyer, S. Zandee, et al.. Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule regulates B lymphocyte migration across central nervous system barriers. Science Translational Medicine, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019, 11 (518), pp.eaaw0475. ⟨10.1126/scitranslmed.aaw0475⟩. ⟨hal-02397748⟩

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