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Risedronate Effects on the In Vivo Bioactive Glass Behavior Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Histopathological Studies

Abstract : The present study aimed to enhance the anti-osteoporotic performance of bioactive glass (46S6) through its association with bisphosphonate such as risedronate with amounts of 8, 12, and 20%. Obtained composites have been called 46S6-8RIS, 46S6-12RIS, and 46S6-20RIS, respectively. In vitro and in vivo explorations have been carried out. Bioactive glass and risedronate association has been performed by adsorption process. Structure analyses have been carried out to evaluate and to understand their chemical interactions. Solid Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has been employed to study the structural properties of obtained biocomposite. The spectra deconvolution showed the appearance of a species (Q) in the biocomposites 46S6-8RIS, 46S6-12RIS, and 46S6-20RIS indicating their successful chemical association. In vitro experiments showed the enhancement of the chemical reactivity of the composites 46S6-xRIS compared to the pure bioactive glass. In fact, the silicon liberation after 30 days of immersion was 50 ppm for pure bioactive glass 46S6, and 41, 64, and 62 from 46S6-8RIS, 46S6-12RIS, and 46S6-20RIS, respectively. Based on the in vitro results, 46S6-8RIS was implanted in the femoral condyle of an ovariectomized rat and compared with implanted pure glass in the goal to highlight its anti-osteoporotic performance. After 60 days, implanted group with 46S6-8RIS showed the increase in bone mineral density (BMD with 10%) and bone volume fraction (BV/TV with 80%) and the decrease in trabecular separation (Tb/Sp with 74%) when compared to that of 46S6 group. These results are confirmed by the histopathological analyses, which showed the bone trabeculae reconnection after the 46S6-8RIS implantation. Chemical analyses showed the reduction in silicon (Si) and sodium (Na) ion concentrations, and the rise in calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) ion levels, which was explained by the dissolution of biocomposite matrix and the deposition of hydroxyapatite layer. Histomorphometric results highlighted the risedronate effect on the antiosteoporotic phenomenon. Obtained results showed good behavior with only 8% of introduced risedronate in the glass matrix.
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Siwar Mosbahi, Hassane Oudadesse, Claire Roiland, Bertrand Lefeuvre, Lotfi Slimani, et al.. Risedronate Effects on the In Vivo Bioactive Glass Behavior Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Histopathological Studies. Biomed Research International, 2019, 2019, pp.2175731. ⟨10.1155/2019/2175731⟩. ⟨hal-02442226⟩

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