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Facteurs psychosociaux au travail et santé perçue dans l’enquête nationale SUMER

Abstract : INTRODUCTION:This study was designed to investigate the associations between psychosocial work factors, using well-known theoretical models and emerging concepts, and self-reported health in the national population of French employees. METHODS:This study was based on the data of the French national representative SUMER 2010 survey. The sample included 46,962 employees, 26,883 men and 20,079 women, with an 87% participation rate. Self-reported health was measured by means of a single question and was analysed as a binary variable. Psychosocial work factors included factors related to job strain and effort-reward imbalance models, workplace violence and working hours. Associations between psychosocial work factors and self-reported health were studied using weighted logistic regression models adjusted for covariates (age, occupation, economic activity, and other types of occupational exposure). RESULTS:Low decision latitude (skill discretion and decision authority), high psychological demands, low social support (from supervisors for men), low reward (low esteem and low job promotion for both genders and job insecurity for men), bullying and verbal abuse for both genders were associated with self-reported health. CONCLUSIONS:This study emphasizes the role of psychosocial work factors as risk factors for poor self-reported health and suggests that the implementation of preventive measures to reduce exposure to psychosocial work factors should be an objective for the improvement of health at work.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02443001
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 16, 2020 - 7:03:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 8, 2020 - 5:48:04 PM

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Thomas Lesuffleur, Jean-François Chastang, Marine Cavet, Isabelle Niedhammer. Facteurs psychosociaux au travail et santé perçue dans l’enquête nationale SUMER. Santé Publique, Société Française de Santé Publique, 2015, 27 (2), pp.177-186. ⟨10.3917/spub.152.0177⟩. ⟨hal-02443001⟩

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