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Efficacy and safety of febuxostat in 73 gouty patients with stage 4/5 chronic kidney disease: A retrospective study of 10 centers

Abstract : Objectives - The allopurinol dose is limited in chronic kidney disease, particularly stage 4/5 chronic kidney disease. Febuxostat has a hepatic metabolism and has been approved without dose adaptation in gouty patients with stage 1-3 chronic kidney disease. We aimed to study the safety and efficacy of febuxostat for stage 4/5 chronic kidney disease. Methods - In this retrospective study, we included patients with (1) a diagnosis of gout, (2) febuxostat treatment, (3) estimated glomerular filtration rate≤30mL/min/1.73m (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula) at febuxostat initiation and (4) follow-up for at least 3 months after febuxostat initiation. Efficacy, safety and variation in estimated glomerular filtration rate were analyzed. Results - We included 73 patients (mean age 70.2±11.8, 61 men, 31 with vascular chronic kidney disease and 18 renal transplantation) with gout (baseline serum uric acid level=9.86±2.85mg/dL, mean gout duration 6.2±7.0 years) from 10 academic centers. Comorbidities included cardiac failure (17.8%), hypertension (98.6%), diabetes mellitus (30.1%), dyslipidemia (64.8%) and history of cardiovascular events (38.4%). At the last visit (mean follow-up 68.5±64.8 weeks), the daily dose of febuxostat was 40mg for 7 patients (10.5%), 80mg for 50 (74.6%) and 120mg for 10 (14.9%). Serum uric acid level was<6mg/dL for 49 patients (67%). Renal function improved for 18 patients, was unchanged for 24 and worsened for 31; 19 patients experienced flares and 1 patient, limb edema. Conclusion - Febuxostat seemed efficient in gouty patients with stage 4/5 chronic kidney disease. However, safety data were not clear regarding renal function. Larger studies are needed to assess safety.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02445528
Contributor : Cécile Vigneau <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 20, 2020 - 11:37:50 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:18:52 AM

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Pierre-Antoine Juge, Marie-Elise Truchetet, Evangeline Pillebout, Sébastien Ottaviani, Cécile Vigneau, et al.. Efficacy and safety of febuxostat in 73 gouty patients with stage 4/5 chronic kidney disease: A retrospective study of 10 centers. Joint Bone Spine, Elsevier Masson, 2017, 84 (5), pp.595-598. ⟨10.1016/j.jbspin.2016.09.020⟩. ⟨hal-02445528⟩

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