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Les ateliers du hameau Les Noires Terres à Messein (Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine, France) : une illustration de l’une des formes d’organisation de la production du fer au cours du premier Moyen Âge ?

Abstract : The Altomedieval occupation (6th-8th c.) at Les Noires Terres in Messein, to the south of Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle, France, excavation 2003-2004), associates elements composed of a dwelling and agricultural structures (granaries, silos, enclosures, excavated huts, etc.) with iron production and transformation workshops (iron ore preparation, wood charcoal production, reduction furnaces, iron forging). The presence of waste products corresponding to a complete chaîne opératoire (production sequence) (from iron ore preparation to finished products), documented by the paleo-metallurgical study and the production volume estimated from their quantity (several dozen tons of iron), suggest that this was the main activity of the occupants, rather than an activity secondary to agricultural activities. The nature of the occupation is thus discussed : the remains discovered could correspond to the dwellings of the specialized artisans, with their workshops, including all the installations and equipment necessary for their subsistence and daily life. We can thus propose the hypothesis that this was one of the forms of iron production organization employed by the Franks during the Early Middle Ages, and that if might correspond to that which is suggested by the polyptyques of the Carolingian period.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02461134
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 30, 2020 - 2:40:56 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 3:33:05 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02461134, version 1

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Marc Leroy, Marilyne Prévot, Paul Merluzzo, Alexandre Disser, Alexa Dufraisse, et al.. Les ateliers du hameau Les Noires Terres à Messein (Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine, France) : une illustration de l’une des formes d’organisation de la production du fer au cours du premier Moyen Âge ?. Revue archéologique de l'Est, Société archéologique de l’Est, 2019, 68 (191), pp.243-283. ⟨hal-02461134⟩

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