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UV-Vis Spectroelectrochemistry of Oleuropein, Tyrosol, and p-Coumaric Acid Individually and in an Equimolar Combination. Differences in LC-ESI-MS2 Profiles of Oxidation Products and Their Neuroprotective Properties

Abstract : Major phenolic compounds from olive oil (ArOH-EVOO), oleuropein (Ole), tyrosol (Tyr), and p-coumaric acid (p-Cou), are known for their antioxidant and neuroprotective properties. We previously demonstrated that their combination could potentiate their antioxidant activity in vitro and in cellulo. To further our knowledge of their electron-transfer properties, Ole, Tyr, and p-Cou underwent a spectroelectrochemical study, performed either individually or in equimolar mixtures. Two mixtures (Mix and Mix-seq) were prepared in order to determine whether distinct molecules could arise from their simultaneous or sequential oxidation. The comparison of Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS2) profiles highlighted the presence of specific oxidized products found in the mixes. We hypothesized that they derived from the dimerization between Tyr and Ole or p-Cou, which have reacted either in their native or oxidized forms. Moreover, Ole regenerates when the Mix undergoes oxidation. Our study also showed significant neuroprotection by oxidized Ole and oxidized Mix against H2O2 toxicity on SK-N-SH cells, after 24 h of treatment with very low concentrations (1 and 5 nM). This suggests the putative relevant role of oxidized Ole products to protect or delay neuronal death.
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Morgane Lambert de Malezieu, Solenn Ferron, Aurélie Sauvager, Patricia Courtel, Charles Ramassamy, et al.. UV-Vis Spectroelectrochemistry of Oleuropein, Tyrosol, and p-Coumaric Acid Individually and in an Equimolar Combination. Differences in LC-ESI-MS2 Profiles of Oxidation Products and Their Neuroprotective Properties. Biomolecules, MDPI, 2019, 9 (12), pp.802. ⟨10.3390/biom9120802⟩. ⟨hal-02470139⟩

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