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Le Grand Ouest est-il un finistère ?

Abstract : The north-western part of France corresponds to one of the extremities of the Eurasian continent, characterised by an important coastal area, during the interglacial periods and the early glaciations.Although the presence of several sites attests to human occupation in this geographic area from the Early Middle Pleistocene on (MIS 15 (?) of the isotopic chronology at Saint-Malo-de-Phily, MIS 14 and 10 at Saint-Pierre-lès-Elbeuf, MIS 11 at Saint-Colomban), more substantial evidence stems from the Late Middle Pleistocene (MIS 7 and 6) and above all from the Early Upper Pleistocene (MIS 5).Occupation levels have primarily been identified along the present-day coast, thanks to the Holocene transgression; inland occupation seems to be less frequent and traces are often poorly preserved. This paucity is partly due to erosive phenomena that have dismantled the archaeological levels. Along the coast anthropic horizons are relatively well preserved at the foot of cliffs, where they present characteristics similar to rock shelters, though the case is quite different for occupations on the palaeo-foreshore.How far does the analysis of these sites enable us to put forward hypo-theses about the status of north-western France with regard to the ‘North-Western European plains’ during the Middle Palaeolithic? Was north-western France a ‘finibus terrae’, in other words a dead end, for Neanderthalian populations?We have restudied our documentation, with the aim of defining the role played by north-western France with regard to several widespread pheno-mena during the European Middle Palaeolithic: blade production, bifacial tool production including pieces of “Micoquian tradition”, and finally the Quina facies.As it is not possible to define whether we are dealing with ‘filiations’ or ‘migrations’ of groups, or rather with phenomena of convergence, these appearances contribute to our assigning of north-western France to the ‘évolution buissonnante’ of the European Middle Palaeolithic cultures.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 11, 2020 - 9:45:26 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02473909, version 1


Dominique Cliquet. Le Grand Ouest est-il un finistère ?. Pascal Depaepe, Émilie Goval, Héloïse Koehler et Jean-Luc Locht. Les plaines du Nord-Ouest : carrefour de l'Europe au Paléolithique moyen ? - P. Depaepe, E. Goval, H. Koehler et J.-L. Lotch, Société préhistorique française, pp.137-161, 2015, Mémoires de la société préhistorique française, 59, 2-913745-58-X. ⟨hal-02473909⟩



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