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Head-and-Neck MRI-only radiotherapy treatment planning From acquisition in treatment position to pseudo-CT generation

Abstract : Purpose - In context of head-and-neck radiotherapy, this study aims to compare MR image quality according to diagnostic (DIAG) and radiotherapy (RT) setups; and to optimise an MRI-protocol (including 3D T and T-weighted sequences) for dose-planning (based on pseudo-CT generation). Materials and methods - To compare DIAG and RT setups, signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) and percentage-image-uniformity (PIU) were computed on T images of phantoms and volunteers. Influence of the sample conductivity on SNR was quantified using homemade phantoms. To obtain reliable T and T images for RT-planning, an experimental design was performed on volunteers by using SNR, contrast-to-noise-ratio (CNR) and mean-opinion-score (MOS). Further, pseudo-CTs were generated from 8 patients T images with a state-of-art deep-learning method. These pseudo-CTs were evaluated by mean-absolute-error (MAE) and mean-error (ME). Results - SNR was higher for DIAG-setup compared to RT-setup (SNR-ratio=1.3). A clear influence of the conductivity on SNR was observed. PIU was higher for DIAG-setup (38.8%) compared to RT-setup (33.5%). Regarding the protocol optimisation, SNR, CNR, and MOS were 20.6, 6.16, and 3.91 for the optimal T sequence. For the optimal T sequence, SNR, CNR and MOS were 25.6, 44.46 and 4.0. In the whole head-and-neck area, the mean MAE and ME of the pseudo-CTs were 82.8 and -3.9 HU. Conclusion - We quantified the image quality decrease induces by using an RT-setup for head-and-neck radiotherapy. To compensate this decrease, an MRI protocol was optimised by using an experimental design. This protocol of 15minutes provides accurate images which could be used for MRI-dose-planning in clinical practice.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 22, 2022 - 12:35:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 14, 2022 - 10:20:04 AM


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A Largent, L Marage, I Gicquiau, J-C Nunes, N Reynaert, et al.. Head-and-Neck MRI-only radiotherapy treatment planning From acquisition in treatment position to pseudo-CT generation. Cancer/Radiothérapie, Elsevier Masson, 2020, 24 (4), pp.288-297. ⟨10.1016/j.canrad.2020.01.008⟩. ⟨hal-02532848⟩



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