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Coupling of anodic stripping voltammetry with sampled-current voltammetry on an electrode array Application to lead detection

Abstract : Electrochemical detection systems are very promising for pollution monitoring owing to their easy miniaturization and low cost. For this purpose, we have recently developed a new concept of device based on Electrodes Array for Sampled-Current Voltammetry (EASCV), which is compatible with miniaturization and portability. In this work, to improve the sensitivity of the analytical method, we added a preconcentration step before EASCV analysis, combining sampled-current voltammetry with anodic stripping voltammetry. Lead was chosen as analyte for this probe of concept owing to its high toxicity. The conditions for electrodeposition of lead on gold were optimized by means of under potential deposition. Current intensities 300 times higher than with linear sweep anodic stripping voltammetry were obtained, showing the interest in the method. The value of the sampling time directly affected the sensitivity of the sensor given by the slope of the linear calibration curve. The sensor exhibited a limit of detection of 1.16 mg L−1, similar to those obtained with linear sweep anodic stripping voltammetry. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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I. Mazerie, F. Geneste. Coupling of anodic stripping voltammetry with sampled-current voltammetry on an electrode array Application to lead detection. Sensors, MDPI, 2020, 20 (5), pp.1327. ⟨10.3390/s20051327⟩. ⟨hal-02536602⟩

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