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Molecular Subtypes of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Are Associated With Outcome During Pazopanib Therapy in the Metastatic Setting

Abstract : Background: We previously described 4 molecular subtypes of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC), named ccrcc1-4 (Beuselinck et al, 2015). These have both prognostic and predictive value for patients treated with first-line sunitinib, with distinctive objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). The ccrcc2 and ccrcc3 tumors have the best outcomes, followed by ccrcc1 and then ccrcc4. We hypothesized that these molecular subtypes would show similar outcomes with first-line pazopanib treatment. Patients and methods: We classified 28 mccRCC tumors treated with pazopanib as first-line therapy, as described previously. The primary endpoints were PFS and OS from the start of pazopanib. A secondary endpoint was ORR. Because there were only 2 ccrcc3 tumors, they were pooled with the ccrcc2 tumors for outcome analysis. Results: PFS was 9 months for the ccrcc2 and ccrcc3 tumors, 5 months for ccrcc1 tumors, and 3 months for the ccrcc4 tumors (P = .011). The corresponding OS duration was 69, 19, and 5 months (P = .003). The corresponding ORR was 50%, 33%, and 0%. The corresponding mean tumor size decreased by 34%, 6%, and 2% (P = .032). The ccrcc1-4 classification was a stronger predictor of outcome than the International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium score on univariate analysis (P = .011 vs. P = .094 for PFS and P = .003 vs. .013 for OS). Both remained independent on bivariate analysis. Conclusion: The molecular subtypes of mccRCC are associated with outcome on pazopanib as first-line therapy. The prognostic and predictive value of the ccrcc1-4 molecular classification requires validation in prospective trials.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02538830
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 4:27:12 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:05:18 AM

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Annelies Verbiest, Gabrielle Couchy, Sylvie Job, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Laure Caruana, et al.. Molecular Subtypes of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Are Associated With Outcome During Pazopanib Therapy in the Metastatic Setting. Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, Elsevier, 2018, 16 (3), pp.e605-e612. ⟨10.1016/j.clgc.2017.10.017⟩. ⟨hal-02538830⟩

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