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Performance of a new rapid diagnostic test the lactate/glucose ratio of synovial fluid for the diagnosis of septic arthritis

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the synovial lactate, glucose and lactate/glucose ratio assay for the diagnosis of septic arthritis. METHODS: In this monocentric cross-sectional study, synovial fluids were prospectively obtained from patients with acute joint effusion (<30 days) on native joint. Septic arthritis was defined using Newman's criteria. To evaluate diagnostic performance, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves with Area under the curve (AUC), Sensitivities (Se), Specificities (Sp), LR+ their 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Synovial fluid cultures with gram staining, crystal analyses, synovial fluid white blood cell counts (WBC), lactate and glucose assays were performed. RESULTS: A total of 233 synovial fluids were included. 25 patients had septic arthritis and 208 had non-septic arthritis (104 crystal-induced arthritis, 15 RA, 8 SpA, 6 reactive arthritis, and 75 acute arthritis of undifferentiated origin). Synovial lactate/glucose ratio performed higher than the synovial lactate or glucose assay separately (AUC: 0.859 [0.772-0.945]). Best synovial lactate/glucose ratio threshold to differentiate septic arthritis from non-septic arthritis was 5 Se 52% [0.34-0.7], Sp 98.1% [0.95-0.99], LR+ 27.0[9.50-76.00]). CONCLUSION: The diagnostic performance of synovial lactate/glucose allows septic arthritis to be effectively and very quickly distinguished from other types of arthritis.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 19, 2020 - 9:37:51 AM
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Pascal Guggenbuhl, Olivia Berthoud, Guillaume Coiffier, Jean-David Albert, Anne Gougeon-Jolivet, et al.. Performance of a new rapid diagnostic test the lactate/glucose ratio of synovial fluid for the diagnosis of septic arthritis. Joint Bone Spine, Elsevier Masson, 2020, ⟨10.1016/j.jbspin.2020.03.009⟩. ⟨hal-02563465⟩

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