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Severe Infection in Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease: A Retrospective Multicenter French Study

Abstract : In patients presenting with anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease with advanced isolated kidney involvement, the benefit of intensive therapy remains controversial due to adverse events, particularly infection. We aim to describe the burden of severe infections (SI) (requiring hospitalization or intravenous antibiotics) and identify predictive factors of SI in a large cohort of patients with anti-GBM disease. Among the 201 patients (median [IQR] age, 53 [30-71] years) included, 74 had pulmonary involvement and 127 isolated glomerulonephritis. A total of 161 SI occurred in 116 patients during the first year after diagnosis. These infections occurred during the early stage of care (median [IQR] time, 13 [8-19] days after diagnosis) with mainly pulmonary (45%), catheter-associated bacteremia (22%) and urinary tract (21%) infections. In multivariable analysis, positive ANCA (HR [95% CI] 1.62 [1.07-2.44]; p = 0.02) and age at diagnosis (HR [95% CI] 1.10 [1.00-1.21]; p = 0.047) remained independently associated with SI. Age-adjusted severe infection during the first three months was associated with an increased three-year mortality rate (HR [95% CI] 3.13 [1.24-7.88]; p = 0.01). Thus, SI is a common early complication in anti-GBM disease, particularly in the elderly and those with positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). No significant association was observed between immunosuppressive strategy and occurrence of SI.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2020 - 2:19:37 PM
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Pauline Caillard, Cécile Vigneau, Jean-Michel Halimi, Marc Hazzan, Eric Thervet, et al.. Severe Infection in Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease: A Retrospective Multicenter French Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2020, 9 (3), pp.698. ⟨10.3390/jcm9030698⟩. ⟨hal-02796989⟩

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