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Evaluation of MucorGenius® mucorales PCR assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary mucormycosis

Abstract : Objectives - We aimed to assess the clinical relevance of the marketed pan-mucorales real-time PCR assay MucorGenius® (Pathonostics) on pulmonary specimens relative to that of in-house PCR assays and conventional mycology for the diagnosis of mucormycosis. Methods - In total, 319 pulmonary samples from severely immunosuppressed patients at risk for invasive mold disease (IMD) were retrospectively included. Direct examination, mycological culture, and PCR testing were performed using three genus-specific in-house mucorales real-time PCR assays and MucorGenius®PCR. Results from Aspergillus testing, including galactomannan and PCR, were also collected. Results - The 319 patients were graded according to modified EORTC-MSG criteria as proven/probable mucormycosis (n=6), proven/probable invasive aspergillosis (IA) (n=63), Aspergillus-mucorales co-infections (n=4), possible IMD (n=152), and excluded IMD (n=94). The in-house and MucorGenius®PCR assays were positive for 33 (10.3%) and 27 (8.5%) samples, respectively, whereas culture was positive for only 10 (3.1%). The in-house and MucorGenius®PCR assays showed a sensitivity of 100% (10/10) and 90% (9/10) and a specificity of 95.7% and 97.9%, respectively. Both PCR assays allowed the detection of mucorales DNA in samples from 10 possible cases and six IA, all missed by culture. Conclusions - MucorGenius® showed good performance, despite missing some low fungal burden. Combining mucorales PCR with EORTC-MSG criteria greatly improved the diagnosis of mucormycosis.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 3:42:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 26, 2020 - 3:07:45 PM
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Hélène Guegan, Xavier Iriart, Marie-Elisabeth Bougnoux, Antoine Berry, Florence Robert-Gangneux, et al.. Evaluation of MucorGenius® mucorales PCR assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary mucormycosis. Journal of Infection, WB Saunders, 2020, 81 (2), pp.311-317. ⟨10.1016/j.jinf.2020.05.051⟩. ⟨hal-02860105⟩

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