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Performance of commercial methods for linezolid susceptibility testing of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis

Abstract : Background - Linezolid-resistant enterococci (LRE) causing infections that are challenging to treat are rising, highlighting the need for reliable screening of LRE clinical isolates. Objectives - To evaluate the ability of the broth microdilution (BMD) method for LRE detection and to assess the performance of seven commercially available techniques for linezolid susceptibility testing. Methods - A collection of 100 clinical isolates (80 Enterococcus faecium and 20 Enterococcus faecalis), including 20 optrA-positive isolates, 17 poxtA-positive isolates and 1 optrA/poxtA-positive E. faecium isolate, were studied. MICs were determined after 18 h [Day 1 (D1)] and 42 h [Day 2 (D2)] of incubation and interpreted following EUCAST and CLSI guidelines, which currently provide different interpretative breakpoints. Performance of commercial techniques was compared with BMD results. Results - MIC50/D1 and MIC50/D2 were both 8 mg/L, while MIC90/D1 and MIC90/D2 were 16 and 32 mg/L, respectively. MICD1 values for poxtA-positive isolates were lower than those for optrA-positive isolates. Proportions of susceptible isolates at D1 and D2 were 48% and 41%, respectively, according to EUCAST breakpoints and 35% and 13%, respectively, according to CLSI criteria (the proportions of isolates categorized as intermediate following CLSI recommendations were 13% and 28% at D1 and D2, respectively). Percentage susceptibility assessed by the commercially available techniques was always higher. The four commercial methods allowing MIC determination provided an overall essential agreement of ≥90% at D1. Categorical agreement and error rates were generally improved at D2. Conclusions - Non-automated methods (Sensititre and UMIC) and, to a lesser extent, gradient strip Etest appear to show an acceptable correlation with the BMD reference method for the detection of isolates with low MICs of linezolid after prolonged incubation.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02862248
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 9, 2020 - 1:40:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 10:40:10 AM

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Loren Dejoies, Sarrah Boukthir, Gauthier Péan de Ponfilly, Ronan Le Guen, Asma Zouari, et al.. Performance of commercial methods for linezolid susceptibility testing of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020, 75 (9), pp.2587-2593. ⟨10.1093/jac/dkaa180⟩. ⟨hal-02862248⟩

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