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Animal-Microbe Interactions in the Context of Diapause

Abstract : Dormancy and diapause are key adaptations in many organisms, enabling survival of temporarily or seasonally unsuitable environmental conditions. In this review, we examine how our understanding of programmed developmental and metabolic arrest during diapause intersects with the increasing body of knowledge about animal co-development and co-evolution with microorganisms. Host-microbe interactions are increasingly understood to affect a number of metabolic , physiological, developmental, and behavioral traits and to mediate adaptations to various environments. Therefore, it is timely to consider how microbial factors might affect the expression and evolution of diapause in a changing world. We examine how a range of host-microbe interactions, from path-ogenic to mutualistic, may have an impact on diapause phenotypes. Conversely, we examine how the discontinuities that diapause introduces into animal host generations can affect the ecology of microbial communities and the evolution of host-microbe interactions. We discuss these issues as they relate to physiology, evolution of development, local adaptation , disease ecology, and environmental change. Finally, we outline research questions that bridge the historically distinct fields of seasonal ecology and host-microbe interactions.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02939816
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 15, 2020 - 7:26:13 PM
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Alexandra Mushegian, Kévin Tougeron. Animal-Microbe Interactions in the Context of Diapause. The Biological Bulletin, The university of Chicago Press Journals, 2019, ⟨10.1086/706078⟩. ⟨hal-02939816⟩

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