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La grotte ornée de la Mairie (Teyjat, Dordogne, France) dans les musées : fragments d'un discours symbolique

Abstract : The cave of La Mairie in Teyjat (Dordogne) offers a parietal device constituted of about fifty animal representations (reindeer, deer, aurochs, bison, horses, bears and indeterminate animals) as well as many indeterminate traces whose shared and original feature is to be engraved on the remains of an old imposing stalagmitic building (floors, cascade, casting, etc.) dismantled. Its discovery dates from the beginning of the 20th century. The question of the status of this art in the entrance of the cave, associated with two important levels of occupations of the Upper Magdalenian, existed since the first researches conducted by P. Bourrinet, H. Breuil and D. Peyrony. The mobility of some calcite slabs, their fragmentation and their relation with prehistoric occupations have led to the idea that the Cave of La Mairie was a "mixed" site, with both rock art and portable art. There are indeed some decorated objects on bone, antler and lithic materials (jais and calcite) discovered in the two Magdalenian levels, but the engraved dispositive on the large elements of concretion are constitutive of parietal art, immovable by destination. Archives, publications and our own work in the frame of a Collective Research Project conducted from 2012 to 2017 serve this demonstration. But this survey also shows that the fragmentation of the parietal art of La Mairie has multiple causes, anthropic and especially natural, and that one must understand to appreciate the degree of integrity of the art. Several slabs and blocks were rediscovered in the museums, mobile by accident, thus founding their parietal origin. They contribute to complete the iconographic device and to reunite its symbolic discourse
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Patrick Paillet, Elena Paillet, Camille Noûs. La grotte ornée de la Mairie (Teyjat, Dordogne, France) dans les musées : fragments d'un discours symbolique. PALEO : Revue d'Archéologie Préhistorique, Société des amis du Musée national de préhistoire et de la recherche archéologique — SAMRA, 2020, 30 (2), pp.222-249. ⟨10.4000/paleo.5602⟩. ⟨hal-02971407⟩



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