Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

A Stringent but Critical Actualist Subjectivism about Well-Being

Abstract : Subjectivists about well-being claim that an object is good for someone if and only if this individual holds a certain type of pro-attitude toward this object. In this paper, I focus on the dispute among subjectivists that opposes those who think that the relevant pro-attitudes are actual to those who think that they are counterfactual under some idealized conditions. My main claim is that subjectivism should be stringently actualist, though our actual pro-attitudes may be criticized from an intrinsic perspective. To defend this claim, I first present three desiderata that a subjectivist theory of well-being should fulfil. Two of these desiderata result from the fact that a subjectivist theory of well-being should not be implicitly paternalist, while the other is that it should be able to play a normative role. I then show that several actualist theories that introduce light forms of idealization or other conditions that have a similar aim, fail to satisfy at least one of the antipaternalist desiderata. This gives some legitimacy to a very stringent version of actualism. I then describe three features of the kind of stringent actualism that I want to defend, which will explain the ability of what is good for someone to play its normative role. Finally, I show how these features allow us to deal with the classic objection that the objects of actual “defective attitudes” cannot be good for the holder of these pro-attitudes.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02972107
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 10:13:41 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 3:15:59 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Stéphane Lemaire. A Stringent but Critical Actualist Subjectivism about Well-Being. Les ateliers de l'éthique / The Ethics Forum, 2016, 11, pp.133-150. ⟨10.7202/1041770ar⟩. ⟨hal-02972107⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

10