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The Application of Artificial Intelligence in Prostate Cancer Management-What Improvements Can Be Expected? A Systematic Review

Abstract : Artificial Intelligence (AI) is progressively remodeling our daily life. A large amount of information from "big data" now enables machines to perform predictions and improve our healthcare system. AI has the potential to reshape prostate cancer (PCa) management thanks to growing applications in the field. The purpose of this review is to provide a global overview of AI in PCa for urologists, pathologists, radiotherapists, and oncologists to consider future changes in their daily practice. A systematic review was performed, based on PubMed MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and DBLP databases for original studies published in English from January 2009 to January 2019 relevant to PCa, AI, Machine Learning, Artificial Neural Networks, Convolutional Neural Networks, and Natural-Language Processing. Only articles with full text accessible were considered. A total of 1008 articles were reviewed, and 48 articles were included. AI has potential applications in all fields of PCa management: analysis of genetic predispositions, diagnosis in imaging, and pathology to detect PCa or to differentiate between significant and non-significant PCa. AI also applies to PCa treatment, whether surgical intervention or radiotherapy, skills training, or assessment, to improve treatment modalities and outcome prediction. AI in PCa management has the potential to provide a useful role by predicting PCa more accurately, using a multiomic approach and risk-stratifying patients to provide personalized medicine.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 2:30:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 4:11:38 PM

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Ronan Thenault, Kevin Kaulanjan, Thomas Darde, Nathalie Rioux-Leclercq, Karim Bensalah, et al.. The Application of Artificial Intelligence in Prostate Cancer Management-What Improvements Can Be Expected? A Systematic Review. Applied Sciences-Basel, 2020, 10 (18), ⟨10.3390/app10186428⟩. ⟨hal-02996051⟩

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