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Contribution of the deep chlorophyll maximum to primary production, phytoplankton assemblages and diversity in a small stratified lake

Abstract : This 6-month study characterized the contribution of deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) to lake phytoplankton diversity and primary production, in relation to stratification during the ice-free season. Phytoplankton and zooplankton dynamics were examined with environmental drivers in a small stratified lake that presents vertical gradients of light and nutrients. The phytoplankton, first composed of diatoms and chrysophyceae, shifted to cyanobacteria in mid-July. With stratification increase, surface nutrient limitation appeared to favor motile species characteristic of oligotrophic environments above a deep layer of filamentous cyanobacteria, fueled by the vertical nutrient fluxes from sediment. The DCM contributed on average to 33% (but up to 60%) of total production during the strongest summer stratification period. In late summer, as stratification was eroding, the vertical gradient of nutrients was reduced, but light attenuation with depth increased. Distinct assemblages were identified between surface and deep layer with shadeadapted species. The contribution of DCM was reduced to 10%. Zooplankton community varied in conjunction with phytoplankton and stratification. Our study demonstrates no benefit of DCM for taxonomic and functional diversity and a limited contribution to total production. The depths over which phytoplankton use separate spatial niches may be lesser in a 6-m-deep lake compared with deeper stratified lakes
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03014535
Contributor : Myriam Bormans <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 2:37:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 3:25:45 AM

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Alexandrine Pannard, Dolors Planas, Philippe Le Noac’h, Myriam Bormans, Myriam Jourdain, et al.. Contribution of the deep chlorophyll maximum to primary production, phytoplankton assemblages and diversity in a small stratified lake. Journal of Plankton Research, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020, 42 (6), pp.630-649. ⟨10.1093/plankt/fbaa043⟩. ⟨hal-03014535⟩

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