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Features and Outcomes of Microcrystalline Arthritis Treated by Biologics: A Retrospective Study

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: The usual treatments for crystal-associated arthritis are sometimes contraindicated; thus, new therapies against interleukin-1beta (IL-1) have been developed. We evaluated the characteristics of patients who received biological treatment for crystal-associated arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicentric retrospective observational study in six rheumatology units in western France. Patients receiving a biological treatment for crystal-associated arthritis between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2018 were included. Improvement was defined as at least a 50% decrease in the count of synovitis and C-reactive protein level. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were included: 31 (67.4%) were treated for gouty arthritis, and 15 (32.6%) for calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (CCPD). The first biotherapy used was anakinra for 14 patients (93.3%) with CCPD and 31 patients (100.0%) with gout. The first biotherapy course was more efficient in treating gout than in treating CCPD, with success in 28 patients (90.3%) and 5 patients (35.7%), respectively (p = 0.001). Six patients (42.9%) with CCPD stopped their first biotherapy course because of side effects. Among the patients with gout, urate-lowering therapy was more frequently used after (100%) than before the first biotherapy course (67.7%) (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Anakinra was prescribed for cases of refractory crystal-associated arthritis or cases with contraindications for usual treatments. The efficacy of anakinra in treating CCPD was not obvious. Patients with CCPD had more side effects. The biotherapy was introduced with a long-term objective, while anti-IL-1 therapies are approved for acute crises only.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03282894
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 3:10:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 3:57:57 AM

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Elise Doaré, François Robin, Hélène Racapé, Guillaume Le Mélédo, Charles Orione, et al.. Features and Outcomes of Microcrystalline Arthritis Treated by Biologics: A Retrospective Study. Rheumatology and Therapy, Springer, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s40744-021-00335-7⟩. ⟨hal-03282894⟩

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