Modeling and imaging of electrocardiographic activity

Abstract : The estimation of solutions of the inverse problem of Electrocardiography (ECG) represents a major interest in the diagnosis and catheter-based therapy of cardiac arrhythmia. The latter consists in non-invasively providing 3D images of the spatial distribution of cardiac electrical activity based on anatomical and electrocardiographic data. On the one hand, this problem is challenging due to its ill-posed nature. On the other hand, validation of proposed methods on clinical data remains very limited. Another way to proceed is by evaluating these methods performance on data simulated by a cardiac electrical model. For this application, existing models are either too complex or do not produce realistic cardiac patterns. As a first step, we designed a low-resolution heart-torso model that generates realistic cardiac mappings and ECGs in healthy and pathological cases. This model is built upon a simplified heart torso geometry and implements the monodomain formalism by using the Finite Element Method (FEM). Parameters were identified using an evolutionary approach and their influence were analyzed by a screening method. In a second step, a new approach for solving the inverse problem was proposed and compared to classical methods in healthy and pathological cases. This method uses a spatio-temporal a priori on the cardiac electrical activity and the discrepancy principle for finding an adequate regularization parameter.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 13, 2019 - 4:47:07 PM
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Karim El Houari. Modeling and imaging of electrocardiographic activity. Signal and Image processing. Université Rennes 1, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018REN1S063⟩. ⟨tel-02066820⟩

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