Les dépenses en infrastructures publiques et la croissance économique : Le cas de la Mauritanie

Abstract : While the majority of studies obtain positive impacts of public infrastructure on economic activity, the problem between public spending and good resource allocation remains.This empirical thesis presents an unpublished work for Mauritania and is limited to three types of infrastructure.First, we study the relationship between the evolution of the total road stock and the per capita GDP through a Coob-Douglas production function.Our main result is that the road stock in Mauritania has impacted the GDP per capita in a positive and significant way.Second, we analyze the contribution of health capital to economic growth. In estimating several models, three main results emerge: 1) The level of public health spending has no significant effect on the growth of life expectancy, but appears to have positive impacts on the reduction of gross mortality per 1000 people. 2) Public expenditure on health has a positive effect on overall GDP, but this effect becomes insignificant when it comes to GDP per capita.3) Initial life expectancy and its growth have positive and significant effects on GDP per capita.Finally, we explore the impact of ICT on economic growth.By studying a production function and a VAR model, we show that ICT capital and the evolution of fixed telephone subscribers have significantly stimulated economic activity.
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Mohamed El Moctar Ellah Taher. Les dépenses en infrastructures publiques et la croissance économique : Le cas de la Mauritanie. Economies et finances. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC014⟩. ⟨tel-02375319⟩

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