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La construction des antagonismes politiques dans les discours présidentiels de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner : le peuple, la présidente, les adversaires

Abstract : Since 2001, the Argentinian people infatuation for the political matter hasn’t decreased regardless of the representation crisis that had become established between the citizens and the political elite. On the contrary, this revival of popular commitment in the political debates resulted into extreme antagonistic support or rejection reactions faced with the Kirchner policy, indeed even with the people themselves. This phenomenon emphasized during the presidency of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner ( 2007-2011 and 2011-2015). It has simultaneously been taken over and instrumentalized by the opposition to her government. The media then focused on this element until they imposed the figure of a breath («grieta») on the population as communication line and make it prevailing in the collective political imagination. This work means to characterize CFK’s discursive strategies during her terms and seeks to clarify the process of construction of political antagonisms. To that end, we consider appropriate to wonder to what extent and in what ways CFK’s narrative reorganizes the alliances and oppositions relationships in order to give rise to a new political dynamics in the Argentiniam public space, which would in turn give rise in the policy imagination to an entranced “visibilisation” of antagonism. Follow from this central issue many other questions about the inscription of a “Cristinian” line within Kirchnerism ; about the place ok Kirchnerism personified by CFK in comparison with Peronism, or even about specificities of CFK’s discourse in the organization of a populist political model. This PHD is dedicated to CFK’s presidential terms as a demonstration of a political movement in contemporary Argentina. However, this movement builds a narrative also called “grammar” of politics fighting for its hegemony (E. Laclau, 1987 ; D. Scavino, 2012) and leads to a questionnary of political imagination. Through an interdisciplinary approach based on theorical tools coming from political sciences and methodological tools borrowed from the discourse analysis, we wish to bring a supplementary viewpoint on the political narrative established by CFK. To this end, we highlight the discursive device (Eliseo Verón, 2013) born of the articulation between these three entities : the people, the president, the opponents.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 2:23:54 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 19, 2020 - 3:34:52 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03082003, version 1

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Valérie Gonzalez-Bled. La construction des antagonismes politiques dans les discours présidentiels de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner : le peuple, la présidente, les adversaires. Linguistique. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020BOR30023⟩. ⟨tel-03082003⟩

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