Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Gouvernance territoriale et politiques d’aménagement : cas du périurbain au Chili, 1960-2015

Abstract : The central question of this PhD thesis is: How the actors of territorial governance have built the suburban areas of the cities of intermediate subregional size in Chile between 1960 and 2015? This question was addressed through the analysis of urban and rural planning and regulation policies, as well as through their institutional interactions. In order to answer this question, we faced two obstacles at the beginning of the construction of this thesis. The first has corresponded to the absence of the concept of periurban, which is not officially defined in the norms or instruments of the Chilean State. The second obstacle has been the rare production of scientific studies on territorial governance in Chile.The strategy used to address the research question has been to separate it down into several components, supporting us in the construction and development of new analysis tools. We begin this thesis with a theoretical reading on the fundamental concepts of geography (geographic space, region, territory, urban, rural) in order to delve into one of the key concepts of the thesis: the peri-urban (chapter 1). Then we continue this reading with the second key concept that corresponds to territorial governance (chapter 2). Both readings were conducted using a scientific literature’ state of several decades. Next, we continue by analyzing three types of spatial indicators: sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and land use, to demonstrate the phenomenon of periurbanization in intermediate-sized cities in Chile (chapter 3). Then we approach the peri-urban political construction led by different actors of territorial governance using two of temporal research components. The first corresponds to the long-term broad view (1960-2013) that is focused on the territorial impacts of urban regulation instruments (chapter 4) and rural transformation instruments (chapter 5) led by actors at the national level. This approach allows us to analyze the decisions that have built the peri-urban since the 1960s in Chile. The second corresponds to the recent short-term view (2013-2015) that focuses on the analysis of power relations (chapter 6) and collective learning (chapter 7) of the peri-urban actor system. This system includes the actors that intervene from the national and regional scales, as well as the actors of the local scale that inhabit these spaces. The relationships observed in this thesis are those that currently structure and build the peri-urban areas of cities of intermediate subregional size.The conclusion of this PhD thesis (chapter 8) go back to these two temporal components or research’s periods (1960-2013 and 2013-2015). In the first place, we conclude that the actors at the national and regional levels construct peri-urban spaces in a centralized and concentrated manner based on their decisions that they make and impose on the local level during the period 1960-2013. These relationships can be called as centralized, top-down model, or power gravity. For this, the actors at the national and regional levels used instruments of urban regulation and rural transformation (chapters 4 and 5). In the second place, we conclude that the situation changes during the 2013-2015 period, due to the new mandatory citizen participation regulations (Law No. 20,417; Law No. 20,500). In this way, the actors at the local level exert pressure on the actors at the national and regional levels through decentralized relations, bottom-up model or power capillarity using the same instruments of urban regulation (chapters 6 and 7). Crossing these two conclusions of territorial governance, we have verified and reveal a circularity of power. This combines a gravity of power related to a traditional top-down relationship and a capillarity of power linked to a new bottom-up relationship in the peri-urban construction in intermediate-sized cities in Chile.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03094889
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 2:37:10 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 20, 2021 - 3:01:22 AM

File

2020_UBILLABRAVO_arch.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03094889, version 1

Citation

Gérardo Ubilla Bravo. Gouvernance territoriale et politiques d’aménagement : cas du périurbain au Chili, 1960-2015. Géographie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020MON30011⟩. ⟨tel-03094889⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

88

Files downloads

42