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LncRNAs in domesticated animals: from dog to livestock species

Abstract : Animal genomes are pervasively transcribed into multiple RNA molecules, of which many will not be translated into proteins. One major component of this transcribed non-coding genome is the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are defined as transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides with low coding-potential capabilities. Domestic animals constitute a unique resource for studying the genetic and epigenetic basis of phenotypic variations involving protein-coding and non-coding RNAs, such as lncRNAs. This review presents the current knowledge regarding transcriptome-based catalogues of lncRNAs in major domesticated animals (pets and livestock species), covering a broad phylogenetic scale (from dogs to chicken), and in comparison with human and mouse lncRNA catalogues. Furthermore, we describe different methods to extract known or discover novel lncRNAs and explore comparative genomics approaches to strengthen the annotation of lncRNAs. We then detail different strategies contributing to a better understanding of lncRNA functions, from genetic studies such as GWAS to molecular biology experiments and give some case examples in domestic animals. Finally, we discuss the limitations of current lncRNA annotations and suggest research directions to improve them and their functional characterisation.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 6, 2021 - 1:54:18 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:19:42 AM


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Sandrine Lagarrigue, Matthias Lorthiois, Fabien Degalez, David Gilot, Thomas Derrien. LncRNAs in domesticated animals: from dog to livestock species. Mammalian Genome, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s00335-021-09928-7⟩. ⟨hal-03467210⟩



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