In situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of the martensitic transformation in superelastic Ti-24Nb-0.5N and Ti-24Nb-0.5O alloys.

Abstract : Mechanisms of superelasticity were investigated by in situ cyclic tensile tests performed under synchrotron X-ray radiation on Ti-24Nb-0.5N and Ti-24Nb-0.5O compns. of metastable β titanium alloys. Analyses of diffraction patterns acquired under load and after unloading for each cycle were used to det. the characteristics of the potential mechanisms of deformation in both alloys. The Ti-24Nb-0.5N alloy exhibits the conventional behavior of superelastic β titanium alloys. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD) expts. proved that superelasticity is exclusively due to the occurrence of a stress-induced martensitic (SIM) transformation from the β phase to the α'' phase. The evolution of vol. fraction of α'' martensite corresponds exactly to the variation of the recovery strain of the cyclic tensile curve. Conversely, the Ti-24Nb-0.5O alloy displays a non-conventional behavior. SXRD expts. showed a huge ability of the β phase to deform elastically until 2.1%. Surprisingly, a reversible SIM transformation also occurs in this alloy but starts after 1% of applied strain that corresponds to the yield point of the stress-strain curve. Although the SIM transformation occurs, the β phase simultaneously continues to deform elastically. The superelasticity of this alloy is unexpectedly due to a combination of a high elastic deformability of the β phase and a reversible SIM transformation. In both alloys, the lattice parameters of the α'' martensite evolve similarly in accordance with the initial texture of the β phase and the crystallog. of the transformation.
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2015 - Acta Materialia 88 (1)....
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P. Castany, A. Ramarolahy, F. Prima, P. Laheurte, C. Curfs, et al.. In situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study of the martensitic transformation in superelastic Ti-24Nb-0.5N and Ti-24Nb-0.5O alloys.. Acta Materialia, Elsevier, 2015, 88, pp.102--111. ⟨10.1016/j.actamat.2015.01.014⟩. ⟨hal-01153415⟩

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