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L'APSA : un concept périmé avant même d'avoir fonctionné ?

Abstract : The birth of the African Union in Durban Conference, South Africa, 2002, was marked by the intention of African leaders to solve security issues of their continent by themselves. That is why, simultaneously that African Union took over from Organisation of African Unity, the Conference of Durban established a collective security system : the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). Unfortunately this system does not work. The first part of the presentation is an assessment of APSA, which leads to conclude that the fact that APSA does not fulfill the functions assigned to it, is not in itself shocking if one takes into account that the task is immense, and that occidental leaders confronted to a similar situation would not have better results. The question is rather whether this system designed fifteen years ago, has a future, or whether it should be rethought. Secondly, the presentation demonstrates that several systemic obstacles are impeding the operationality of the african collective security system. Some are linked to fundamental determinisms insofar as the models from which APSA was designed (the United Nations’ Peacekeeping system and the European Union’s Common Security and Defense Policy) are disconnected with the specific needs of a continent undermined by an endogenous conflictuality. Other systemic barriers to the operationality of the system are particularly related to African realities and their impact on malfunctions of APSA. Without claiming to provide a solution to these malfunctions, the paper concludes, however, that APSA, because it is too ambitious, is fundamentally unrealistic ; that peace and security are long-term objectives and are requiring first the strengthening of UNO's direct commitment in the management of peacekeeping, and subsequently a strengthening of African states as providers of public services.
Mots-clés : Sécurité Paix Afrique
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Conference papers
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01234281
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 9, 2016 - 10:55:57 AM
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Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, November 12, 2016 - 2:15:20 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01234281, version 1

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Patrick Klaousen. L'APSA : un concept périmé avant même d'avoir fonctionné ?. Observatoire des enjeux politiques et sécuritaires dans la Corne de l'Afrique, Oct 2015, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01234281⟩

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