Electrografting of 4-Nitrobenzenediazonium Ion at Carbon Electrodes: Catalyzed and Uncatalyzed Reduction Processes

Abstract : Cyclic voltammograms for the reduction of aryldiazonium ions at glassy carbon electrodes are often, but not always, reported to show two peaks. The origin of this intriguing behavior remains controversial. Using 4-nitrobenzenediazonium ion (NBD), the most widely studied aryldiazonium salt, we make a detailed examination of the electroreduction processes in acetonitrile solution. We confirm that deposition of film can occur during both reduction processes. Film thickness measurements using atomic force microscopy reveal that multilayer films of very similar thickness are formed when reduction is carried out at either peak, even though the film formed at the more negative potential is significantly more blocking to solution redox probes. These and other aspects of the electrochemistry are consistent with the operation of a surface-catalyzed reduction step (proceeding at a clean surface only) followed by an uncatalyzed reduction at a more negative potential. The catalyzed reduction proceeds at both edge-plane and basal-plane graphite materials, suggesting that particular carbon surface sites are not required. The unusual aspect of aryldiazonium ion electrochemistry is that unlike other surface-catalyzed reactions, both processes are seen in a single voltammetric scan at an initially clean electrode because the conditions for observing the uncatalyzed reaction are produced by film deposition during the first catalyzed reduction step.[on SciFinder (R)]
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01263049
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 27, 2016 - 12:58:56 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 22, 2018 - 7:31:57 PM

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Lita Lee, Paula A. Brooksby, Alison J. Downard, Philippe Hapiot. Electrografting of 4-Nitrobenzenediazonium Ion at Carbon Electrodes: Catalyzed and Uncatalyzed Reduction Processes. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2016, 32, pp.468--76. ⟨10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b03233⟩. ⟨hal-01263049⟩

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