Grafting of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Calix[4]arene-Tetradiazonium Salts for Antifouling Germanium and Gold Surfaces

Abstract : Biosensors that can determine protein concentration and structure are highly desired for biomedical applications. For the development of such biosensors, the use of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy with the attenuated internal total reflection (ATR) configuration is particularly attractive, but it requires appropriate surface functionalization of the ATR optical element. Indeed, the surface has to specifically interact with a target protein in close contact with the optical element and must display antifouling properties to prevent nonspecific adsorption of other proteins. Here, we report robust monolayers of calix[4]arenes bearing oligo(ethylene glycol) (oEG) chains, which were grafted on germanium and gold surfaces via their tetradiazonium salts. The formation of monolayers of oEGylated calix[4]arenes was confirmed by AFM, IR, and contact angle measurements. The antifouling properties of these modified surfaces were studied by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and fluorescence microscopy, and the nonspecific absorption of bovine serum albumin was found to be reduced by 85% compared to that of unmodified germanium. In other words, the organic coating by oEGylated calix[4]arenes provides remarkable antifouling properties, opening the way for the design of germanium- or gold-based biosensors.
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Pascale Blond, Alice Mattiuzzi, Hennie Valkenier, Ludovic Troian-Gautier, Jean-François Bergamini, et al.. Grafting of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Calix[4]arene-Tetradiazonium Salts for Antifouling Germanium and Gold Surfaces. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2018, 34 (21), pp.6021-6027. ⟨10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b00464⟩. ⟨hal-01807882⟩

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