Chalcogen bonding interactions in organic selenocyanates From cooperativity to chelation

Abstract : Intermolecular chalcogen bonding interactions are identified in crystalline organic selenocyanates where a linear Se⋯NC interaction takes place, leading to the recurrent formation of chain-like motifs ⋯Se(R)-CN⋯Se(R)-CN⋯, stabilized by cooperativity. Analysis of 15 reported structures of such selenocyanates is complemented by the structural determinations of three other novel polytopic selenocyanates, namely 1,3,5-tris(selenocyanatomethyl)benzene (1a), 1,3,5-tris(selenocyanatomethyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene (1b) and 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(selenocyanatomethyl)benzene (2). While the recurrent chain-like motifs with short and linear Se⋯N contacts are indeed observed in the pure compounds, solvates with DMF and AcOEt also demonstrate that the nitrile N atom can be easily displaced from the chalcogen bond by stronger Lewis bases such as carbonyl oxygen atoms, leading in the case of (2)·(DMF)2 to a chelating motif where two neighboring CH2-SeCN groups link to the same oxygen atom through Se⋯O interactions.
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O. Jeannin, H.-T. Huynh, A.M.S. Riel, M. Fourmigué. Chalcogen bonding interactions in organic selenocyanates From cooperativity to chelation. New Journal of Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018, 42 (13), pp.10502-10509. ⟨10.1039/c8nj00554k⟩. ⟨hal-01835065⟩

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