Cigarette smoke condensate alters Saccharomyces cerevisiae efflux transporter mRNA and activity and increases caffeine toxicity

Abstract : In animals, cigarette smoke may alter pharmacokinetics by altering activity and expression of ABC drug transporters. We previously demonstrated that cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) impairs activity and expression of several hepatic ABC drug transporters which mediate toxicant efflux. However, CSC effects on efflux transporters are still unknown in Saccharomyces cerevisiae which resists diverse chemical stresses, by inducing pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) genes among others. The yeast ABC transporters are functionally and structurally homologous to the mammalian ones. In this study, Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposure to CSC for 15 min caused a dose-dependent inhibition of rhodamine 123 efflux, whereas a longer exposure (3 h) induced mRNA expression of the ABC PDR efflux pumps Pdr5, Snq2, Pdr 10 and Pdr15, and of Tpo1, a member of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS). CSC also increased toxicity of caffeine, which is handled by two PDR transporters, Pdr5 and Snq2. Taken together, these data demonstrated that yeast efflux transporters are targets of cigarette smoke chemicals, and that Saccharomyces cerevisiae may cope with CSC-induced stress, including the initial efflux inhibition, by induction of the mRNA of several plasma membrane PDR and MFS efflux transporters. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is therefore a valid model to investigate pollutant effects on ABC and MFS transporters.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01863275
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 28, 2018 - 11:42:45 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 11, 2019 - 1:02:09 AM

Identifiers

Citation

Katia Sayyed, Marc Le Vée, Hala Chamieh, Olivier Fardel, Ziad Abdel-Razzak. Cigarette smoke condensate alters Saccharomyces cerevisiae efflux transporter mRNA and activity and increases caffeine toxicity. Toxicology, Elsevier, 2018, 409, pp.129-136. ⟨10.1016/j.tox.2018.08.005⟩. ⟨hal-01863275⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

68